* denotes a student I supervise(d)
# denotes a research fellow I support(ed)


  • (56) Uncertainty quantification for deep learning
    van Leeuwen, P. J., J. C. Chiu , and *C. K. Yang, submitted to Environmental data Science, arXiv:2405.20550v1. | Download PDF
  • (55) A comprehensive analysis of uncertainties in warm rain parameterizations in climate models based on in situ measurements
    Zhang, Z., D. B. Mechem, J. C. Chiu , and J. A. Covert, J. Atmos. Sci., accepted. | Download PDF


  • (54) Near-cloud aerosol retrieval using machine learning techniques, and implied direct radiative effects
    *Yang, C. K., J. C. Chiu , A. Marshak, G. Feingold, T. Várnai, G. Wen, T. Yamaguchi, and P. J. van Leeuwen, Geophys. Res. Lett., 49, e2022GL098274. | Download PDF


  • (53) Retrieving microphysical properties of concurrent pristine ice and snow for mixed-phase clouds using polarimetric radar observations
    *Kedzuf, N. J., J. C. Chiu , V. Chandrasekar, S. Biswas, S. S. Joshil, Y. Lu, P. J. van Leeuwen, C. Westbrook, Y. Blanchard, and S. O’Shea, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 14, 6885–6904. | Download PDF
  • (52) Constraining aerosol phase function using dual-view geostationary satellites
    Bian, Q., S. Kreidenweis, J. C. Chiu, S. Miller, et al., J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 126, e2021JD035209. | Download PDF | Dataset
  • (51) Aerosol and Cloud Experiments in the Eastern North Atlantic (ACE-ENA)
    Wang, J., R. Wood, M. P. Jensen, J. C. Chiu, et al., Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi: | Download PDF
  • (50) The Shortwave Spectral Radiometer for Atmospheric Science: Capabilities and Applications from the ARM User Facility
    Riihimaki, L. D., et al., Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., | Download PDF
  • (49) The Observational constraints on warm cloud microphysical processes using machine learning and optimization techniques
    Chiu, J. C., *C. K. Yang, P. J. van Leeuwen, G. Feingold, R. Wood, #Y. Blanchard, F. Mei, and J. Wang, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2020GL091236 | Download PDF | AI model | Training dataset


  • (48) The Separating cloud and drizzle signals in radar Doppler spectra using a parametric time domain method
    Joshil, S. S., V. Chandrasekar, J. C. Chiu, and #Y. Blanchard, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. , 37, 1669–1680, | Download PDF


  • (47) The impact of neglecting ice phase on cloud optical depth retrievals from AERONET cloud mode observations
    #Shonk, J. K. P., J. C. Chiu, A. Marshak, D. M. Giles, C.-H. Huang, G. G. Mace, S. Benson, I. Slutsker, and B. Holben, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 5087–5099. | Download PDF |
  • (46) A tale of two dust storms: Analysis of a complex dust event in the Middle East
    Miller, S., et al., Special Issue “Holistic Analysis of Aerosol in Littoral Environments – A Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative” in Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 5101–5118. | Download PDF |
  • (45) Shortwave spectral radiative signatures and their physical controls
    *Gristey, J, J, , J. C. Chiu, R. J. Gurney, K. P. Shine, S. Havemann, J.-C. Thelen, and #P. G. Hill, J. Climate, | Download PDF |
  • (44) Mechanisms behind the extratropical stratiform low-cloud optical depth response to temperature in ARM site observations
    Terai, C. R., Y. Zhang, S. A. Klein, M. D. Zelinka, J. C. Chiu, and Q. Min, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, | Download PDF |


  • (43) Retrievals of riming and snow particle density from vertically-pointing Doppler radars 
    #Mason, S. L., J. C. Chiu, R. J. Hogan, D. Moisseev, and S. Kneifei, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 123, | Download PDF |
  • (42) Characterizing the radiative effect of rain using a global ensemble of cloud resolving simulations
    #Hill, P. G., J. C. Chiu, R. P. Allan, and J.-D. Chern, Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 10, 2453–2470, | Download PDF |
  • (41) Spatiotemporal variability of warm rain events over southern West Africa from geostationary satellite observations for climate monitoring and model evaluation
    *Young, M. P., J. C. Chiu, C. J. R. Williams, T. H. M. Stien, M. Stengel, M. D. Fielding, and E. Black, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 144, 2311–2330, doi: 10.1002/qj.3372. | Download PDF |
  • (40) Remote sensing of droplet number concentration in warm clouds: A review of the current state of knowledge and perspectives
    Grosvenor, D. P., O. Sourdeval, P. Zuidema, A. Ackerman, M. D. Alexandrov, R. Bennartz, R. Boers, B. Cairns, J. C. Chiu, M. Christensen, H. Deneke, M. Diamond, G. Feingold, A. Fridlind, A. Hünerbein, C. Knist, P. Kollias, A. Marshak, D. McCoy, D. Merk, D. Painemal, J. Rausch, D. Rosenfeld, H. Russchenberg, P. Seifert, K. Sinclair, P. Stier, B. van Diedenhoven, M. Wendisch, F. Werner, R. Wood, Z. Zhang, and J. Quaas, Reviews of Geophysics, 56, 409–453. | Download PDF |
  • (39) Insights into the diurnal cycle of global Earth outgoing radiation using a numerical weather prediction model
    * Gristey, J. J. , J. C. Chiu, R. J. Gurney, C. J. Morcrette, #P. G. Hill, J. E. Russell, and H. E. Brindley, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 5129–5145, | Download PDF |
  • (38) Quantifying the contribution of different cloud types to the radiation budget in southern West Africa
    #Hill, P. G., R. P. Allan, J. C. Chiu, A. Bodas-Salcedo, and P. Knippertz, J. Climate, 31, 5273–5291, | Download PDF |
  • (37) The Dynamics-Aerosol-Chemistry-Cloud Interactions in West Africa field campaigns: Overview and research highlights
    Flamant, C.,  P. Knippertz, A. Fink, A. Akpo, B. Brooks, J. C. Chiu, H. Coe, S. Danuor, M. Evans, O. Jegede, N. Kalthoff, A. Konar, C. Liousse, F. Lohou, C. Mari, H. Schlager, A. Schwarzenboeck, et al., Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, 83–104, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16- 0256.1. | Download PDF |


  • (36) Improved rain-rate and drop-size retrievals from airborne and spaceborne Doppler radar
    #Mason, S. L., J. C. Chiu, R. J. Hogan, and L. Tian, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 11567-11589, doi:10.5194/acp-17-11567-2017. | Download PDF |
  • (35) Aerosol and cloud microphysics co-variability in the northeast Pacific boundary layer etimated with ship-based and satellite remote sensing observations
    Painemal, D. , J. C. Chiu, P. Minnis, C. Yost, X. Zhou, M. Cadeddu, E. Eloranta, E. R. Lewis, R. Ferrare, and P. Kollias, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., doi:10.1002/2016JD025771. | Download PDF |
  • (34) Determination of Earth Outgoing Radiation using a constellation of Satellites
    *Gristey, J. J., J. C. Chiu, R. Gurney, S.-C. Han and C. Morcrette, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, doi:10.1002/2016JD025514. | Download PDF |


  • (33) A multi-satellite climatology of clouds, radiation and precipitation in southern West Africa and comparison to climate models
    #Hill, P. G., R. P. Allan, J. C. Chiu, and T. H. M. Stein, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi:10.1002/2016JD025246. | Download PDF |
  • (32) Observation of the spectral-invariant properties of clouds in cloudy-to-clear transition zones during MAGIC
    Yang, W., A. Marshak, P. J. McBride, J. C. Chiu, Y. Knyazikhin, K. S. Schmidt, C. Flynn, and E. R. Lewis, Atmos. Res., 182, 294-301, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.08.004. | Download PDF |
  • (31) Representing 3D cloud-radiation effects in two-stream schemes: 2. Matrix formulation and broadband evaluation
    Hogan, R. J., *S. A. K. Schafer, C. Klinger, J. C. Chiu and B. Mayer, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi:10.1002/2016JD024875. | Download PDF |
  • (30) Representing 3D cloud–radiation effects in two-stream schemes: 1. Longwave considerations and effective cloud edge length
    *Schafer, S. A. K., R. J. Hogan, C. Klinger, J. C. Chiu and B. Mayer, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi:10.1002/2016JD024876. | Download PDF |


  • (29) Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances
    #Fielding, M. D., J. C. Chiu, R . J. Hogan, G. Feingold, E. Eloranta, E. J. O’Connor and M. P. Cadeddu, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 2663-2683, doi:10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015. | Download PDF |
  • (28) The DACCIWA project: Dynamics-aerosol-chemistry-cloud interactions in West Africa
    Knippertz, P., H. Coe, J. C. Chiu, M. J. Evans, A. H. Fink, N. Kalthoff, C. Liousse, C. Mari, R. Allan, B. Brooks, S. Danour, C. Flamant, O. O. Jegede, F. Lohou, and J. H. Marsham, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 1451-1460. | Download PDF |
  • (27) Clouds, Aerosol, and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer: An ARM Mobile Facility Deployment
    Wood, R., M. Wyant, C. S. Bretherton, J. Rémillard, P. Kollias, J. Fletcher, J. Stemmler, S. deSzoeke,, S. Yuter, M. Miller, D. Mechem, G. Tselioudis, J. C. Chiu, *J. Mann, E. O’Connor, R. Hogan, X. Dong, M. Miller, V. Ghate, A. Jefferson, Q. Min, P. Minnis, R. Palinkonda, B. Albrecht, W. Wiscombe, E. Luke, C. Hannay, and Y. Lin, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 96, 419-440 | Download PDF |


  • (26) A novel ensemble method for retrieving properties of warm cloud in 3-D using ground-based scanning radar and zenith radiances
    *Fielding, M. D., J. C. Chiu, R. J. Hogan and G. Feingold, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, doi:10.1002/2014JD021742. | Download PDF |
  • (25) The interdependence of continental warm cloud properties derived from unexploited solar background signals in ground-based lidar measurements
    Chiu, J. C., *J. A. Holmes, R. J. Hogan, and E. J. O’Connor, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 8389-8401, doi:10.5194/acpd-14-8389-2014. | Download PDF |
  • (24) Investigation of discrepancies in satellite rainfall estimates over Ethiopia
    *Young, M. P., C. J. R. Williams, J. C. Chiu, R. I. Maidment, and S.-H. Chen, J. Hydrometeorology., 15, 2347–2369, doi:10.1175/JHM-D-13-0111.1. | Download PDF |
  • (23) Aerosol impacts on drizzle properties in warm clouds from ARM Mobile Facility maritime and continental deployments
    *Mann, J. A. L., J. C. Chiu, R. J. Hogan, E. J. O’Connor, T. S. L’Ecuyer, T. H. M. Stein, and A. Jefferson, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, doi:10.1002/2013JD021339. | Download PDF |


  • (22) Cloud optical and microphysical properties derived from ground-based and satellite sensors over a site in the Yangtze Delta Region
    Liu, J., Z. Li, Y. Zheng, J. C. Chiu, F. Zhao, C. Li, M. Cadeddu and M. Cribb, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 9141-9152, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50648. |  Download PDF |
  • (21) 3D cloud reconstructions: Evaluation of scanning radar scan strategy with a view to surface shortwave radiation closure
    *Fielding, M. D., J. C. Chiu, R. J. Hogan and G. Feingold, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 9153-9167, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50614. | Download PDF |
  • (20) RACORO extended-term, aircraft observations of boundary-layer clouds
    Vogelmann, A. M., G. M. McFarquhar, J. A. Ogren, D. D. Turner, J. M. Comstock, G. Feingold, C. N. Long, H. H. Jonsson, A. Bucholtz, D. R. Collins, G. S. Diskin, H. Gerber, R. P. Lawson, R. K. Woods, E. Andrews, H.-J. Yang, J. C. Chiu, D. Hartsock, J. M. Hubbe, C. Lo, A. Marshak, J. W. Monroe, S. A. McFarlane, B. Schmid, J. M. Tomlinson, and T. Toto, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 93, 861-878,doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00189.1 | Download PDF |


  • (19) Cloud droplet size and liquid water path retrievals from zenith radiance measurements: examples from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program and the Aerosol Robotic Network
    Chiu, J. C., A. Marshak, C.-H. Huang, T. Varnai, R. J. Hogan, D. M. Giles, B. N. Holben, E. J. O’Connor, Y. Knyazikhin, W. J. Wiscombe, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 10313-10329.  | Download PDF |
  • (18) Experimental and modeled UV erthemal irradiance under overcast conditions: The role of cloud optical depth
    Anton, M., L. Alados-Arboledas, J. L. Guerrero-Rascado, M. J. Costa, J. C. Chiu, and F. J. Olmo, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 11723-11732.  | Download PDF
  • Erratum to “On spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths”
    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, J. C. Chiu, and W. J. Wiscombe, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.05.008 | | |
  • (17) On spectral invariance of single scattering albedo for water droplets and ice crystals at weakly absorbing wavelengths
    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, J. C. Chiu, and W. J. Wiscombe, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2012.02.021 | Download PDF |


  • (16) Spectrally-invariant approximation within atmospheric radiative transfer
    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, J. C. Chiu, and W. J. Wiscombe, J. Atmos. Sci., 68, 12, 3094-3111, doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-11-060.1 | Download PDF |


  • (15) Cloud optical depth retrievals from the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) cloud mode observations
    Chiu, J. C., C. Huang, A. Marshak, I. Slutsker, D. M. Giles, B. N. Holben, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. J. Wiscombe, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D14202, doi:10.1029/2009JD013121 | Download PDF |
  • (14) Spectral invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges simulated by radiative transfer
    Chiu, J. C., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, and W. J. Wiscombe, Atmos. Chem. Phys.,10, 11295-11303 | Download PDF|
  • (13) Idealized model for changes in equilibrium temperature, mixed layer depth and boundary layer cloud over land in a doubled CO2 climate
    Betts, A. and J. C. Chiu, J. Geophys. Res.,115, D19108, doi:10.1029/2009JD012888 |Download PDF |


  • (12) Spectral invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges observed by ARM SWS
    Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, J. C. Chiu, and W. J. Wiscombe, Geophys, Res. Let.,36, L16802, doi:10.1029/2009GL039366 | Download PDF |
  • (11) Physical interpretation of the spectral radiative signatures in the transition zone between cloud-free and cloudy regions
    Chiu, J. C., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, P. Pilewskie, and W. J. Wiscombe, Atmos. Chem. Phys.,9, 1419-1430 | Download PDF |
  • (10) An assessment of aerosol-cloud interactions in marine stratus clouds based on surface remote sensing
    McComiskey, A., G. Feingold, A. S. Frisch, D. D. Turner, M. A. Miller, J. C. Chiu, Q. Min, and J. A. Ogren, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D09203, doi:10.1029/2008JD0110063 | Download PDF |
  • (09) Quantitative precipitation estimation over ocean using Bayesian approach from microwave observations during the typhoon season
    Hu, J. C., W. J. Chen, J. C. Chiu, J. L. Wang, and G. R. Liu, Terr. Atmos. Oceanic Sci., 20, 817-832 | Download PDF|


  • (08) Retrievals of cloud optical depth from the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) by calibration of solar background signal
    Yang, Y., A. Marshak, J. C. Chiu, W. J. Wiscombe, S. P. Palm, A. B. Davis, D. A. Spangenberg, L. Nguyen, J. D. Spinhirne, and Pl Minnis, J. Atmos. Sci., 65, 3513-3527, doi: 10.1175/2008JAS2744.1 | Download PDF |


  • (07) Physical interpretation of the correlation between multi-angle spectral data and canopy height
    Schull, M. A., S. Ganguly, A. Samanta, D. Huang, N. V. Shabanov, J. P. Jenkins, J. C. Chiu, A. Marshak, J. B. Blair, R. B. Myneni, and Y. Knyazikhin, Geophys, Res. Let., 34, L18405, doi:10.1029/2007GL031143 | Download PDF |
  • (06) Cloud optical depth retrievals from solar background “signal” of micropulse lidars
    Chiu, J. C., A. Marshak, W. J. Wiscombe, S. C. Valencia, and E. J. Welton, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 4(3), 456-460, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2007.896722 | Download PDF |
  • (05) Optically thin liquid water clouds: Their importance and our challenge
    Turner, D. D., A. M. Vogelmann, R. T. Austin, J. C. Barnard, K. Cady-Pereira, J. C. Chiu, S. A. Clough, C. Flynn, M. M. Khaiyer, J. Liljegren, K. Johnson, B. Lin, C. Long, A. Marshak, S. Y. Matrosov, S. A. McFarlane, M. Miller, Q. Min, P. Minnis, W. O’Hirok, Z. Wang, and W. Wiscombe, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88(2), 177-190, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-88-2-177 | Download PDF|


  • (04) Remote sensing of cloud properties using ground-based measurements of zenith radiance
    Chiu, J. C., A. Marshak, Y. Knyazikhin, W. J. Wiscombe, H. W. Barker, J. C. Barnard, and Y. Luo, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D16201, doi:10.1029/2005JD006843 | Download PDF |
  • (03) Bayesian retrieval of complete posterior PDFs of oceanic rain rate from microwave observations
    Chiu, J. C. and G. W. Petty, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 45, 1073-1095 |  Download PDF |
  • (02) Precipitation and latent heating distributions from satellite passive microwave radiometry. Part I: Improved method and uncertainties
    Olson, W. S., C. D. Kummerow, S. Yang, G. W. Petty, W.-K. Tao, T. L. Bell, S. A. Braun, Y. Wang, S. E. Lang, D. E. Johnson, and J. C. Chiu, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 45, 702-720 | Download PDF |


  • (01) The effect of surface heterogeneity on cloud absorption estimates
    Chiu, J. C., A. Marshak, and W. J. Wiscombe, Geophys, Res. Let., 31, L15105, doi:10.1029/2004GL020104 | Download PDF |